|Introduction to SQL|
|Sample SQL Queries|
|SkyServer Traffic Page|
|Contact Help Desk|
|2. A Simple Query|
|3. Common Searches|
|4. More Samples|
|5. Multiple Tables|
|6. Aggregate Fcns.|
|7. Group By|
|8. Order By|
A Simple Query
An SQL query consists of three pieces, or blocks: the select block, the from block and the where block.
The select block tells the database which columns of data you want it to return. You must separate each column name with a comma. For example, if you wanted to find the celestial coordinates right ascension (ra) and declination (dec) of an object, the select block might read
The from block specifies which table (or tables) you want to search. If you wanted to retrieve information from the specObj table, the from block would read
The where block allows you to search for records with certain characteristics. Your list of characteristics must be separated by the word "AND". Suppose you wanted to limit your search to a patch of sky with ra between 194 and 195 degrees and dec between 2 and 3 degrees. To search only this patch of sky, your where block would read
The database will return only those records that have an ra between 194 and 195 and a dec between 2 and 3.
This query is shown in the query window below. Click Submit to send the query to the database. When you see the results, scroll through them to verify that all records have ra between 194 and 195 and dec between 2 and 3.