SDSS Filters
 
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SDSS Filters

Filter

Wavelength (Angstroms)

Ultraviolet (u)

3543

Green (g)

4770

Red (r)

6231

Near Infrared (i)

7625

Infrared (z)

9134

Knowing that the color of a star is related to the wavelength of light it gives off lets you understand the meaning of the SDSS's color filters. Each filter is designed to let in light around a specific wavelength. The filters work by blocking out light at all wavelengths except those around the wavelength they are designed to see. The table to the right shows the wavelengths at which SDSS's five filters work the best. The sensitivity of each filter falls off slowly at shorter and longer wavelengths.

If you know the wavelengths of the SDSS filters and the amount of light a star emits in each filter, you could make a crude plot of the amount of light a star emits at different wavelengths. But what if, instead of five filters between 3543 and 9134 Angstroms, you had a hundred filters? Or a thousand? You would get a clearer, more refined graph of amount of light and wavelength. Eventually, you would be able to see exactly how much light a star emitted at all the wavelengths of the electromagnetic spectrum.

Actually, astronomers do have a tool that lets them see how much light a star gives off as a function of wavelength. You'll learn about this tool, called a spectrum, later in this project. But for now, think about how such a graph might look.

Question 1. If you made a graph of amount of light as a function of wavelength for some of the red stars you saw in Explore 1, what do you think the graph would look like? What about the blue stars?